|GOOD TO KNOW
|THE HISTORY OF THE CITY
represented by the buildings
Boost of the Post-revolutionary Architecture. The
second skyscraper of Bucharest, The Bancorex Building / Financial
Plaza symbolizes Modernity at the Turn of the Centuries.
THE PALACE OF THE PARLIAMENT / THE PEOPLE'S HOUSE
Works commenced for the construction of the most expensive and the heaviest administration building in the world.
Three times it reached the "Guiness Book of Records".
The first skyscaper of Bucharest and the only one until the 1989 Revolution.
THE PALACE HALL
The building is located immediately behind the National Museum of Art, the former Royal Palace.
Since its opening until nowadays, it remains the main conference center and concert hall of the city.
|1957 - CASA
The building was designed
by Horia Maicu in the Soviet Socialist Realism style to house the
State's Press and Scīnteia, the official newspaper of the Central
Committee of the Rumanian Labour Party. The architecture was
inspired by the Lomonosov University of Moscow.
Today, the building is called The House of The Free Press.
|THE 30 's
Apotheosis of the ART - DECO style throughtout architectural masterpieces and most elegant buildings.
THE ARCH OF TRIUMPH
designed by the architect Petre Antonescu.
The Victory Avenue
The main avenue was initialy
named Drumul Brasovului-
the road of Brasov, being part of the trade road Bucharest - Brasov.
From 1692 to 1700, it was named Podul Mogosoaia - the Bridge of
Mogosoaia . In 1814, The Bridge of Mogosoaia was among the first
streets to be illuminated by candlelight. Since October 12 1878,
it is named Calea Victoriei following Rumania's victory in
the War of Independence (1877-78).
|1911 - THE PALACE OF THE MILITARY CLUB
Designed by the architect
Dimitrie Maimarolu, in collaboration with V.Stefanescu and E. Doneaud.
The Palace houses the Cultural Institute of The Rumanian Army.
|1903- THE CANTACUZINO PALACE / The George Enescu Memorial House. Enescu
(1881 - 1955) was the greatest rumanian composer, violonist,
conductor and pianist . In 1939 he married Maria Rossetti ( divorced
from the Prince Cantacuzino) . While staying in Bucharest, they lived
in the Cantacuzino Palace ; now a museum dedicated to his work.
THE PALACE OF THE POST OFFICE / NATIONAL MUSEUM OF RUMANIAN HISTORY
The building was designed
by Al. Savulescu and once served as the city's main
post office. The architecture was inspired by the Federal Post Office
in Geneva . Since 1972, it houses the Museum which is one
of the major cultural institutions in Rumania.
THE PALACE OF THE SAVINGS BANK (CEC) designed by the french architect Paul Gottereau to house the first Rumanian Savings Bank.
First cinematographical prezentation in Rumania thanks to the movies of the Lumičre Brothers.
THE RUMANIAN ATHENEUM
"the heart of the rumanian culture"
Great rumanian musicians
: George Enescu, Maestro Sergiu Celibidache, Maria Tanase, Maria
Ciobanu, Vladimir Cosma, Gheorghe Zamfir, Aura Urziceanu, Richard Stein.
THE NORTHERN RAILWAY STATION
|1871 - 1894
In 1871, the first railway truck drawn by horse was established and already named tramcar.
The first public electrical railways were lauched in 1894.
The first railway station of Bucharest.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BUCHAREST
The University was founded by princely decree nr. 765 - 4/16 July 1864 during the reign of Alexandru Ioan Cuza.
THE NATIONAL THEATER
Grand Opening on December 31.
With 1000 seats, this new building becomes the third largest in the Europe.
|1837 - 1866 -
1947- 1950 ->
THE ROYAL PALACE
THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF ART OF RUMANIA
In 1837, the Wallachian ruling prince Alexandru Ghica uses the former
house of governor Dinicu Golescu as a ceremonial Palace and residence.
In 1866, the german prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, first King
of Rumania, makes the palace his official residence. The building
sustains additional remodeling and enlargement to meet the royal
administrative needs. In 1882, the Palace is adapted for electric
It remains Royal residence until the end of WWII and until the exile of King Michael (1947).
Since 1950, the Palace houses the National Museum of Art.
|Since 1806 -
impulse : the streets were repaired and new buildings were projected
such as "Hanul lui Manuc" (Manuc's Inn), the
Filantropia Hospital (1812) and Cismeaua Rosie (the
Red Fountain) the first Theater of Bucharest.
- Bucharest had 6006 houses and 30.030 inhabitants
THE COLȚEA HOSPITAL
the first hospital of Bucharest was established at the "Coltea" Monastery
and is still operating nowadays.
Opening of the first Graduate School of Wallachia "the Prince's Academy " at the Saint-Sava Monastery.
|September 20, 1459
The earliest known written reference of "Bucuresti" is a document
of the Chancellery of the prince Vlad Tepes; (1431-1476), Prince Vlad
III of Wallachia, nicknamed Vlad The Impaler.
The archaelogical discoveries dating from the Middle Paleolithic, about
150.000 BC.. J-C, attest to human presence in the territory of
|INVENTIONS AND INVENTORS
Aurel Persu (1890-1977)
applied aerodynamics principles to automobile and came to the
conclusion that the aerodynamic car should have the shape of a falling
In 1924, he builded the first car to have the wheels inside of its aerodynamic line.
Ioan Cantacuzino (1863-1934)
He invented the notion of " Contact Immunity"
In 1913, he introduced
the very first mass experience of combatting the cholera epidemic. In
medecine, this mass vaccine is know as " the great rumanian
Ana Aslan (1897 - 1988)
& Elena Polovrageanu, pharmacist
In 1980, Ana Aslan and the pharmacist Elena Polovrageanu invented the second anti-aging product after their Gerovital.
Gogu Constantinescu (317 patents)
He promoted the use of
concrete in construction by building the first concrete bridge
with straight beams in Rumania. He also consolidated the dome of the
former Parliament House (today, The Palace of the Patriarchate) and the
dome of the Minaret of the Constanta Mosque.
Gogu Constantinescu (1881 - 1965)
He introduced propelled blades regardless of its speed and the first automatic transmission.
|BATTERY - THE KARPEN PILE
Nicolae Vasilescu-Karpen (1870-1964)
In 1909, he invents the
battery that provides continuous energy. The construction is simple,
having glossy gold and porous black platinum electrodes embedded in
Dragomir Hurmuzescu (1865-1954)
In 1895, he invented and built the electroscope.
|FLIGHT, TAKEOFF AND LANDING
Traian Vuia (1872-1950)
By 1905, he finished
construction of his first aircraft the " Traian Vuia 1" a high-wing
monoplane powered by carbonic acid gas engine. The first flight
traveled about 12 m and was the first well documented takeoff and
landing on a level surface by an engine-driven monoplane with a wheeled
Aviation pioneer Albert Santos Dumont recognized Vuia as a " forerunner" of his efforts".
Petrache Poenaru (1799-1875)
In 1827, he invents the
"never ending portable pen which recharges itself with ink" for
which he receives the patent nr. 3208 of the Manufacture Department
from the French Ministry of Interior.
Dr. Eugen Pavel
He invented the 3D optical data storage medium with a claimed initial capacity of 10 TB and with a theoretical capacity of 1 PB
His HYPER CD-ROM is patented in 21 countries.
Nicolae Paulescu (1869 - 1931)
By 1911, he began
research on diabetes and succeeded in isolating the antidiabetic
pancreatic hormone, the PANCREINE which may decrease blood glucose and
ketones, while increasing liver glycogen
On April 10, 1922 ,
he secured the patent rights for his methodof manufacturing Pancreine (
his own term for INSULIN) - patent no. 6254 -
He is considered the first to describe the substance later called INSULIN.
Henri Coanda; (1886 - 1972)
1910, as pionneer of the world's aviation, he designed, built and
piloted, the first thermojet powered aircraft , known as COANDA 10.
Gustave Eiffel told him
" Young man you are born with 30 years befor your time".
Augustin Maior (1882 - 1963)
In 1906, he experienced the first multiple telephony on one
single 15 km long telephonic line - he managed 5 simultaneous
communications without any interference signals.
Invention of a new science
about transmitting mechanical energy through vibrations.
Gogu Constantinescu (1881 -
In 1919, he presented the multiple
functioning of the sonicity in transports, energetics and petroleum
He applied his theory on several of his own inventions such as
the sonic engine, the sonic pump, the sonic hammer and the sonic
|VITAMIN H3, GEROVITAL
Ana Aslan (1897 - 1988)
Elena Polovrageanu, pharmacist
1952, with the invention of this anti-aging treatment Dr. Ana Aslan established
the world's first geriatric Institute named The Ana Aslan National Institute
for Gerontology and Geriatrics".